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                課程開發的基本模式、策略和標準 > 移動學習資訊 > 課程開發的基本模式、策略和標準
                瀏覽次數:10  日期:2018-08-31 10:09:20  來源地址:

                課程開發越來越成為企業內訓的核心任務,培訓部門也在不斷地打造自己的內部精品課程,期望以此塑造培訓的品牌、擴大影響力。下面介紹在線學習課程開發的基本模式、策略和標準。


                1、制定在線學習課程開發的流程


                課程開發的基本模式可以在系統進程中幫助實施在線學習項目。在所有課程開發模式中,ADDIE---分析(Analysis)、設計(Design)、開發(Development)、實施(Implementation)和評估(Evaluation)都是基礎,這也是在線學習課程開發最完美的模式。迪克與凱里模式是在線學習開發者常使用的另外一種模式。  


                2、設定課程目標


                e-learning課程應詳細介紹學習者期望實現的學習效果或課程結束后應當達到的學習效果。本杰明·布魯姆和羅伯·梅杰在教學設計初期和明確課程目標方面做出了巨大貢獻。


                3、課程內容分塊學習


                所有認知教學理論都遵循學習內容分塊的原則。所以,課程學習內容應當分割成一小塊,便于學習者消化吸收知識并延長知識保留的時間。


                4、內容劃分層次,由簡單到難,由已知到未知。


                每個內容的分塊都應該保持其內在的邏輯性,這樣才能幫助學習者更好地認識、了解、運用和判斷學習內容的價值。例如,知識的學習應該從已知到未知,從一般到特殊,從復雜到簡單等。


                5、課程內容的句型特點


                課程內容里的句子應當盡量簡潔,且具有結構性,或句子與句子之間呈遞進關系。每個學習者都有屬于他們自己的學習模式(正如之前文章所討論的)。所以,作為一名優秀的培訓師和指導者,應當熟悉和了解這些學習模型,從而巧妙地將知識重點融入到句子里,這樣就會在學習者腦海中產生一種“aha”的效果。


                6、設置與學習者互動的環節


                如果課程里有提示學習者可以進行相關主題內容的互動活動的話,那么學習者最好能積極參與互動。那些為了互動而進行的互動活動并不能真正地幫助學習者體驗在線學習的效果;真正的互動是能夠幫助學習者在腦海里建立起與所期望的學習模式間的聯系。此外,各類學習評估和學習指南也不屬于此類互動性活動。


                7、制定形成性評估


                形成性評估是實踐所學知識的最好機會。這些評估活動能幫助學習者強化課程學習過程中建立起的知識聯系。


                8、定期總結學習過得知識內容


                知識總結是對所學內容進行的一個簡單而快速的回顧。它能幫助學習者復習和鞏固在線學習課程中所學的知識點,從而延長知識保留在記憶里的時間。


                9、最后做總結性評估


                總結性評估是為了幫助課程設計師了解在線學習課程是否達到了既定的學習目標而設計的。


                文章來源:新浪博客



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